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Here is a collection of precursors of electronic and concrete music and all were influenced by Johann Sebastian Bach. (A German who did not follow the standards of elaboration of the classical music of his time, Underground classical music so to speak!)

Karlheinz Stockhausen

Stockhausen was a German composer of contemporary music. He was a colleague of Pierre Boulez, Edgar Varése and Iannis Xenakis. Both studied with the composer and organist Olivier Messiaen. Critics of his work call him "one of the great visionaries of the 20th century in the context of postmodern music".

Stockhausen was born near Cologne and his childhood was marked by the premature death of his mother and the great war, of which his father became yet another victim, in 1945, on the Hungarian front. Stockhausen studied at the Higher School in Cologne, where he played the piano in bars and developed a small literary activity, encouraged by Hermann Hesse. In 1951, he attended courses in Darmstadt, where Europe's musical avant-garde met, and that summer would definitely mark his life. Impressed with Messiaen's figure, he decided to move to Paris and study with him. It was from this time that he met Boulez and the creators of concrete music, namely Pierre Schaeffer, his first catalog piece and to which he attributed the number 1. Kontra-Punkte was premiered in Cologne in 1953.

Pierre Henri Marie Schaefferwas

a French-born composer and music theorist, known for inventing concrete music. – MÚSICA CONCRETA.

Schaeffer (14 August 1910 – 19 August 1995) was a French composer, writer, broadcaster, engineer, musicologist and acoustician. His innovative work in both the sciences —particularly communications and acoustics—and the various arts of music, literature and radio presentation after the end of World War II, as well as his anti-nuclear activism and cultural criticism garnered him widespread recognition in his lifetime.

John Milton Cage Jr.

Cage (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer, music theorist, writer, and artist. Cage was a pioneer of random music, electroacoustic music, the use of unconventional instruments, as well as the unconventional use of conventional instruments, and is considered one of the key figures in the post-war artistic avant-gardes.

Pierre Henry

a French composer of musique concrète (and from more or less experimental music to noisy music or electronic music) born December 9, 1927 in Paris and died on July 5, 2017 in the same city. If Pierre Schaeffer is the theoretical father of concrete music, Pierre Henry is the artistic father.

Considered one of the fathers of electroacoustic music, he is known to the general public for his current piece Psyche Rock from the Messe Dance Suite. This piece, more accessible to the general public thanks to its rock instrumental part, is not, however, representative of his musical work and his musical approach in general.

French composer Pierre Henry, considered one of the fathers of electroacoustic music and the first to recordanelectronic work in the 1940s. One of the inspirers of Electronic Music, died at age 89 in Paris at dawn this Thursday (6th). "He would have turned 90 on December 9," said Isabelle Warnier, his assistant and family friend.

A hail to those who gave their sweat, face to slaps and tears for the pioneering of concrete electronic music!


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